Spain

The presented data comes from EURYPEDIA.

In Spain, the decentralised educational model distributes the educational powers between the State General Administration (Ministry of Education), which implements the Government’s general guidelines on educational policy, vocational training and universities and regulates the basic elements or aspects of the system, and the Autonomous Communities (Departments for Education), which develop national regulations and have executive-administrative powers for the administration of the education system in their respective regions.

Pre-primary education is conceived as a single educational stage, with a preventive nature, in its own right. Although it is not a compulsory stage, the second cycle is free in all publicly funded schools (public schools and centro privado concertado).

Basic and compulsory education consists of ten years and it is free in publicly funded schools. It is divided into two stages: primary education and lower secondary education (compulsory secondary education). On completion of this stage students are awarded the first official certificate, the Graduado en Educación Secundaria Obligatoria certificate, which provides them access to upper secondary education and the labour market.

Upper secondary education offers students two different possibilities: a general branch (Bachillerato) and a vocational branch (intermediate vocational training).

Higher education comprises university education and vocational training. University education provides Bachelor’s, Master’s and Doctorate degrees. In the case of vocational training, advanced vocational training is provided in the same institutions offering upper secondary education.

Adult education is based on the principle of continuing education and includes basic literacy and the consolidation of basic knowledge, the different types of provision of the education system for adults and lifelong learning, so that learners can combine training and employment.

In addition, the Spanish education system also provides language, artistic and sports education, which are considered as enseñanzas de régimen especial.

For a brief description of the different stages of the education system and other related issues such as teachers and special education, see the National System Overviews on Education Systems in Europe.

While Eurypedia provides comprehensive and comparable information on the Spanish education system, further information may also be found on the websites of theSpanish Ministry of Education and the education authorities of the Autonomous Communities.  

Structure of the national education system 2011/12


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Mikolaj Sobocinski,
May 9, 2012, 1:10 AM
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Mikolaj Sobocinski,
May 9, 2012, 12:36 PM
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